Poultry Science Terms - G

Gaggle: name for a group of geese not in flight

Gallus domesticus: scientific name for a domestic chicken

Gallus gallus: Red Jungle Fowl; also called (Gallus bankiva). The origin of all current chicken breeds

Gamebirds: any of species of birds that are hunted including: pheasant, quail, partridge/grouse, wild turkeys, and mallard ducks that are traditionally hunted for food and sport. Gamebirds may be raised in captivity but are not domestic like chickens. Term can be used for some species of wild waterfowl

Gander: adult male goose 

Gang: group of domesticated turkeys

Gangrene: dead tissue, on living animals including humans, that has no blood supply and no pain receptors

Gas CAS stunning: using gas (CO2 - carbon dioxide) or other inert gases to replace oxygen to make an animal unconscious

Geese: wild or domesticated water birds of the family Anatidae. They often have shorter necks than swans and a shorter, more pointed bill than ducks. They are classified as waterfowl but spend most of their time on land

Genes: parts of chromosomes that carry hereditary factors

Genetic: pertaining to genes

Genus: group of closely related animals or plants which differ from one another in only slight characteristics

Germicidal solution: solution of chemicals that will kill microbes

Germinal disc: site of fertilization on the ovum. Alternative names include blastodisc and blastoderm 

Germs: disease causing organisms 

Giblets: edible parts of a chicken carcass that consist of the viscera of bird (heart, gizzard and liver). Sometimes the neck is included as well

Gizzard: muscular stomach portion of the avian digestive tract with thick walls and a tough lining that crushes and grinds food and mixed with a combination of pebbles or grit and digestive compounds produced by the proventriculus (glandular stomach)

Go light: grow thin while eating ravenously, synonym for anemia

Gobbler: adult male turkey (also referred to as a 'tom') 

Goose: wild or domesticated species of Anatidae birds including Anser and Branta generas;  type of waterfowl; adult female goose as distinguished from the gander (male)

Gosling: young (baby) goose of either sex 

Grade: sort eggs according to their interior and exterior qualities 

Grit: (insoluble material) bits of rock, sand, or small pebbles, as well as oyster shell, eaten by birds and used by the gizzard to grind up feed and plant fibers

Gross: can be seen with the naked eye

Gross lesions: easily observable changes in tissues or organs

Ground fed: free to move about outdoors, as opposed to housed and fed within a building or cage

Growers: term used to describe all stock between the end of brooding and till they reach sexual maturity

Grower feed: Commercially available feed formulated for adolescent, growing chickens. Usually used from nine to 20 weeks

Guinea Fowl: pheasant like breed of poultry from Africa raised for ornamental qualities, meat, feathers for crafts and fly tying, or vermin control. They are gregarious, watchful, and territorial making them good natural alarms. They are effective natural sentinels because they can be noisy, tend to be only partially domesticated and if allowed to roam will cover a fairly wide range. They are widely know for eating ticks which makes them popular for pest control method

Guinea hen: adult female guinea fowl 

Guinea pullet: young female guinea fowl under one year of age 

Guinea cockerel: young male guinea fowl under one year of age 

Gullet: tubular structure leading from the mouth to the glandular stomach; the esophagus



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