Wildlife Management Terms - H

Habitat: area containing everything an animal or plants needs to survive and reproduce adequate food, water, cover, and living space. 

Habitat destruction: tearing apart or breaking down of an animal’s home or natural surroundings

Habitat specialists: species that require very specific habitats and resources (e.g., narrow range of food sources or cover types) to thrive and reproduce 

Habitat suitability model: description of physical factors, often quantified numerically, that describe the habitat preferred by a species

Halophytic: tolerant of saline conditions

Hammock: scattered clumps of hardwood trees and dense undergrowth which thrive on slightly elevated ground in the sawgrass prairies/marshes, pinelands, and on islands

Hard mast: fruit or nuts of trees such as oaks, beech, walnut, chinquapin, and hickories

Harriers: any of the various slender, narrow winged hawks of the genus Circus, which prey on small animals

Harvest: proportion or number of a wildlife population brought to bag by hunters; in wildlife management, killing an animal

Hen: female bird

Herbivore: organism that eats plants. Examples include deer, rabbits, and squirrels

Herd health checks: collection of data providing information relating to the health and productivity of a deer herd

Heron: wading birds which have long legs to wade in marshes and on mud-flats. Their beaks are long and pointed to nab fish. They have a long neck which they pull into an "S" shape when they fly

Herpetofauna: reptiles and amphibians of a particular region, environment, or time period

Herbivore: category of animals that feed exclusively on plants. (herbi-, plant; -vore, eater) 

Herpetology: scientific study of reptiles and amphibians as a branch of zoology

Hibernaculum: shelter occupied during the winter by a dormant animal. Plural: hibernacula

Hibernate: spend the cold months of the year in an inactive condition

Hibernation: passing the winter or a portion of it in a state of sleep

High Tide: highest rise of ocean water, occurring every 12 hours, due to gravity, the sun, moon, and the rotation of the earth

Home: habitat for animals

Home range: area an animal travels to acquire the food, cover, and water it needs to survive and reproduce

Horning: actions of a buck as it rubs it's antlers and forehead against a branch that is over a scrape

Human disturbance: human-caused events that alter the structure, composition, or function of terrestrial or aquatic habitats. Human disturbances include, among others, actions such as timber harvest, livestock grazing, roads, and the introduction of exotic species

Humus: material resulting from decayed plant and animal matter providing nutrients for plants and helps keep water in the soil. 

Hunting Outfitter: person who both receives compensation (i.e., money, services, or gifts) from hunters in exchange services including: guide services, equipment, stands, blinds, or transportation to and from the field for hunters

Hydraulic fracturing: well stimulation process of injecting pressurized fluids (usually water, sand, and chemicals) into the subsurface to initiate or propagate fractures in rock (target geologic formations) to enhance production of natural gas and/or oil

Hydrology: scientific study of the properties, distribution, and circulation of water on the surface of the land, in the soil and underlying rocks, and in the atmosphere



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