Wildlife Management Terms - L

Lacustrine: related to or associated with lakes    

Landscape: area composed of interacting ecosystems that are repeated because of geology, land form, soils, climate, biota and human influences throughout the area. Landscapes are generally of a size, shape and pattern which is determined by interacting ecosystems

Landscape capability (LC): potential capability of the landscape in a given region to provide habitat for a particular species based on approximate environmental conditions

Larva: immature, wingless, feeding stage of an insect before it undergoes metamorphosis

Lateral: pertaining to the side

Learned trait: characteristic or behavior that is learned or developed through experience

Legumes: plants that capture organic nitrogen from the air. These plants, which typically form seeds in pods, include soybeans, peas, alfalfa, lespedeza, and locust

Lentic: pertaining to static or slow moving open water

Lesion: open injury to the body or organs, usually well-defined in a circular pattern similar to a blister

Licking branch: branch above a scrape that is often licked and scent market by a gland in the forehead as a way for deer to communicate during the rut or mating season

Life zone: ocean zones characterized based on physical and biological features. Horizontal life zones extend from land out toward sea, vertical life zones range from the surface of the water to the depths of the ocean, and the benthic life zone includes the habitats on the sea floor 

Limestone: rock consisting mainly of calcium carbonate, may include fossilized shells

Limiting factor: anything that affects a species population. It could result from causes in nature as well as human activities. Examples: food, water, shelter, space, disease, predation, climatic conditions, pollution, hunting, poaching and accidents

Limpkins: two-foot-tall, brown feathered birds, living in wooded swamps, primarily feeding on snails, producing a loud, mournful, penetrating wail. The name is associated with the species gait

Lingual crests: tooth ridges running from front to back adjacent to the tongue

Litter: number of young born with each birthing

Lizard: reptile with a long, round body, a long tapering tail, short neck, raised head, two pairs of legs, and a skin of overlapping scales made of keratin

Lotic: pertaining to fast-moving water habitats, such as streams and rivers 

Low tide: low point ebb of ocean water, occurring every 12 hours, due to gravity, the sun, moon, and the rotation of the earth



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