Wildlife Management Terms - N

Natal down: soft, fluffy, underdeveloped feathers of newly hatched birds

Natality: ability of a population to increase; reproductive or birth rate

National Park: federally funded area maintained in its natural state; public property for the benefit of all 

National Preserve: federally funded area maintained for multiple use including resource protection and visitation, and may include hunting, cattle grazing, oil drilling, and other uses

Native species: species of plant or animal that originated in and occurs naturally in an area and not introduced by humans

Natural community: combination of native plants and animals repeatedly occurring together in a particular natural environment that has experienced minimal human-caused disturbance or has recovered from that disturbance

Natural resource: resources found in our natural environment

Natural succession: natural, orderly sequence of changes in an ecological community that is characterized by gradual shifts in plant and animal population diversity 

Natural system modifications: threats from actions that convert or degrade habitat in service of “managing” natural or seminatural systems, often to improve human welfare

Neotropical migrants: category of migratory birds that spend the winter in Central and South America and return to North America to breed. 

Nest box / structure: artificial box, platform, or other structure that enhances the reproductive cover for desirable species. 

Nesting cover: vegetation that protects nesting sites: forbs, grasses, downed logs, shrubs, and trees for quail, grouse, many species of songbirds, and rabbits

Niche: part of a habitat particularly suited to the requirements of an organism 

Nocturnal: moving or active at night, opposite of diurnal; for example: male deer normally move very early and late in daylight, but older males can become mostly nocturnal when faced with heavy hunting pressure

Non-point source pollution: pollutants entering a water body in a diffuse pattern rather than from a single location. Includes land runoff, atmospheric deposition, or percolation

Non-consumptive: any non-hunting or non-extractive use of wildlife use that involves viewing, preserving, and restoration activities involving wildlife without harvesting and include: hiking, bird-watching, sketching, and photography

Non-game: wildlife species not generally harvested such as birds, butterflies, bats, reptiles, raptors, and amphibians. They are not subject to legal hunting, fishing, or harvesting

Non-typical rack: refers to deer antlers that are not symmetrical and have often have points growing off other points on the antlers

Nor’easter: major winter storm along the East Coast of North America and named because the winds over the coastal area are typically from the northeast coastal storms

Nuisance pest: problem wildlife or populations of specific wildlife species that are killed, but not for recreation, usually for economics such as wildlife damage to property

Nurse Shark: grayish brown to yellowish in color, with rounded fins , the first dorsal fin sitting far back of the pectoral fin. It is a sedentary, nonaggressive animal, unless provoked, wherein it can inflict serious wounds

Nursery: see estuary

Nymph: intermediate, aquatic stage between egg and adult insects



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