Wildlife Management Terms - T

Take: pursue, shoot, hunt, wound, catch, kill, trap, snare, or capture wildlife in any way and any lesser act designed to lure, attract, or entice for these purposes; and to place, set, aim, or use any device, animal, substance, or agency which may reasonably be expected to accomplish these acts; or to attempt to do these acts or to assist any other person in the doing of or the attempt of such acts

Tame: animal will tolerate being around people (allow handling and petting)

Tapetum: area in the pigmented layer of the choroid coat of the eye in whitetail, which has an iridescent or metallic luster and helps to make the eye visible in the dark. The tapetum is the part that glows or shines when you shine a bright light on a deer at night

Tarsal Glands: 3-4 inch gland located on the inside of the deer's hind leg that releases secretions, particularly as the rut approaches; often urinated on by bucks to increase the scent they give off. The glands consists of a patch of elongated hairs underlain by an area of large sebaceous glands. The sebaceous glands secrete a fatty lipid that adheres to the hairs of the tarsal gland. This area gives off a strong, musky odor. This odor is the result of urine being deposited on these glands and mixed with lipids during a behavior known as rub-urination. Deer use this gland to recognize other individuals in the herd and to give information relative to their sex, social status, and reproductive condition

Taxa: taxonomic units into which living organisms are classified (e.g. family, genus, species)

Taxonomy: science of the classification of animals or plants

Telemetry: science and technology of automatic measurement and transmission of data by wire, radio, or other means from remote sources to receiving stations for recording and analysis

Tend: when a buck stays close to a female during mating season waiting for the female to come into estrus so that buck can breed the doe

Terrestrial: living or growing on land or in the soil

Terrestrial habitat: animal's address that is mainly on land

Territory: part of all of the home range that is defended by an individual, breeding pair, or social group for breeding, courtship, feeding, or other reasons

Threatened species: exhibits declining or dangerously low populations but may still have enough members to maintain or increase numbers. Threatened species are vulnerable to becoming endangered in the near future

Tidal regime: range of elevations in a wetland that experience inundation with the tide 

Tom: mature, male turkey two years old older, also known as a gobbler

Topography: contours and height of physical features and how it influences an area and the  many physical habitat conditions in an area including: soil, moisture, and air temp   

Torpor: temporary loss of all or part of the power of motion

Total Industrial Output (TIO): total value of all goods and services produced in an economy

Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL): calculation of the maximum amount of a pollutant that a waterbody can receive and still meet water quality standards, and an allocation of that load among the various sources of that pollutant

Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs): unusual family of central nervous system diseases caused by malformed proteins called prions. Prions are characterized by degen­eration of the tissues of the central nervous system that leads to neurological disfunction and death. They are distinguished by long incubation periods, characteristic spongiform changes associated with neuronal loss, and a failure to induce inflammatory response

Trap: body-gripping trap, box trap, deadfall, foothold trap, snare, or wire cage trap used to catch fur bearers

Tree frog: often green colored amphibian, with powerful hind legs. Tree frogs are climbers and have suction-cup pads on the tips of their toes

Trophic level: feeding level in the food chain of an ecosystem characterized by organisms that occupy a similar functional position in the ecosystem

Tropical cyclone: warm season coastal storms

Turtle: reptile having its trunk encased in a bony/cartilaginous shell. Most turtles have four legs, however, sea turtles have flippers

Typical Rack: deer antlers with points growing only off the front sides of the main beam



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