Wildlife Management Terms - W

Watch list species: animal or plant species selected for listing by an organization focused on conservation of at-risk species on the grounds that the species requires additional attention and/or conservation action

Water: transparent, odorless, tasteless, liquid made up of two parts hydrogen to one part oxygen

Water Cycle: never ending process of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation which water repeatedly undergoes around the world

Water set: trap set to submerge an animal in water upon capture

Waterfowl: birds that are highly adapted to live, feed and reproduce on and around bodies of water usually referring to ducks, geese and swans

Watershed: entire area of land whose runoff of water, sediments, and dissolved materials

Wet Season: extended rainy period of time, in a particular place

Wetlands: area of land that is wet at least part of the year, often containing unique soils, vegetation, and wildlife; where the soil is near the surface and is covered with water sometimes referred to as swamps, bogs, marshes, or prairies

White-nose syndrome (WNS): disease caused by the fungus (Pseudogymnoascus destructans) that has been associated with millions of bat deaths in North America

White-tailed deer: (Odocoileus Virginianus) medium-sized, four-legged mammal that is a ruminant with a rusty brown coat and characteristic white fur on the bottom side of the their tails 

Winter cover: cover required for over-wintering, such as den trees for squirrels, raccoons and bear, or dense evergreen thickets for deer

Wildlife: broad term that includes non-domesticated animals but not exclusively mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. Some definitions may include fish and invertebrates 

Wildlife management: making decisions and taking actions to manipulate habitat, wildlife, and people

Wildlife openings: openings maintained to provide food or cover for wildlife, often with the intent of attracting game species and improving hunter success. The openings may contain native vegetation or planted crops and can be maintained by burning, disking, mowing, planting, and fertilizing 

Windbreak: linear plantings of trees and shrubs designed to enhance crop production, protect people and livestock, and benefit soil and water conservation

Wind turbine: structures that convert energy from the wind into electricity as the propeller blades rotate with wind movement

Winter deer range: range occupied by deer during winter and depends on factors including shelter conditions (amount, tree species composition, size of area, site productivity) spatial arrangement of stands, age of trees, temperature, amount and distribution of available food and especially the depth and duration of snow cover

Winter severity: adverse impact of snow and wind on living organisms. Winter severity indexes have been developed to gauge the effects of winter weather on deer survival

Woodstork: black, bald headed, white feathered wading bird, with wing and tail feathers trimmed in black and is a touch feeder 

Wooly adelgid: destructive insect that threatens the eastern hemlock



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